March 21, 2023
Europe/Berlin timezone

Observations of the boundary currents and AMOC at 11°S 
- the TRACOS array -

21 March 2023, 16:00 – 17:30 CET, online, Rebecca Hummels



Dr. Rebecca Hummels is a seagoing physical oceanographer working at GEOMAR in the research division Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics. 

Her research focus is on observations of oceanic/climate variability in the tropical Atlantic ocean on large and small scales including 

  • Strength and Variability of the (South Atlantic) MOC
  • Western Boundary Circulation Systems
  • Diapynal mixing processes and their influence on the heat budget of the surface mixed layer


The upper-ocean circulation of the tropical Atlantic is a complex superposition of thermohaline and wind-driven flow components. This means that the northward AMOC branch in the tropics is e.g. superimposed by the shallower overturning associated with the wind-driven Subtropical cells, which connect the subduction sites of the subtropics with climate-relevant eastern equatorial upwelling regions. The TRACOS array aims at observing most of the TRopical Atlantic Circulation & Overturning at 11°S. At the western boundary five tall moorings were deployed off Brazil between 2000 and 2004 to monitor the variability of the strong western boundary current (WBC) system - more specifically, the North Brazil Undercurrent (NBUC) and the Deep Western Boundary Current (DWBC). Due to the success of this array, a similar mooring constellation has been installed off Brazil since July 2013 until now. In addition to the moorings, numerous ship-sections along 5°S and 11°S are accomplished. At the eastern side the Angola current is observed since 2013 with 1-2 moorings. Simultaneously to the boundary observing systems, the observational program at 11°S was extended in 2013 to observe the basin wide circulation: Bottom pressure sensors (BPRs) were deployed on both sides of the basin. The BPRs and all ship surveys are used to estimate AMOC variability at 11°S on seasonal to interannual time scales. Especially, in combination with other AMOC arrays or embedded in the TAOS or PIRATA programs, this array has great potential for understanding mechanisms relevant for tropical Atlantic variability, as well as meridional coherence and long-term changes of AMOC variability.



The webinar series is coordinated by the CLIVAR AMOC Task Team in collaboration with EPOC
The webinars are hosted by the Universität Hamburg. 


AMOC Webinar Series
This webinar is part of a series of AMOC webinars leading up to the Workshop on Meeting AMOC Observation Needs in a Changing Climate


The information provided on these pages will be continuously updated.  

A link to the Zoom-webinar will be sent to all registered participants.